The Search for Lucy Victoria – Australind & Clifton Park Street Names
By Cecily Brown, March 1999
I began this list because I wanted to know who Lucy Victoria was as the main street in Clifton Park is named after her. Several people told me they knew who she was but their information proved to be incorrect and it was not until Maidee Smith’s help was enlisted that the mystery was resolved. For that, and the other suggestions and amendments she made, I am very grateful.
I found that many of the street names commemorate the establishment of Australind by the Western Australian Company that was based on the principles of Edward Gibbon Wakefield. The names of directors and supporters of the Company have been used for street names as well as those of Marshall Waller Clifton, the Chief Commissioner, and his family. Some of the street names commemorate the ships that brought the settlers, and early settlers are remembered.
Later land developments have used themes related to the locality of Australind such as names of birds, animals and parts of the landscape. There is an emphasis also on Australind’s proximity to the estuary and particularly the birds and animals found there.
Where possible, documentary evidence has been sought for the street names. Where this has not been available, the words ‘said to be’ have been added.
The following sources have been particularly helpful:
- Harvey Shire Council
- Department of Land Administration (DOLA)
- Australian Dictionary of Biography 1966–
- AJ Barker & M Laurie, Excellent Connections: a history of Bunbury, WA, 1836-1990. 1992
- Bicentennial Dictionary of Western Australians, 1987. 4 vols.
- P Bindon & R Chadwick, A Nyoongar wordlist from the South West of WA.
- Centennial Book: Shire of Harvey, 1895 to 1995, 1995.
- GE Clarke, Early history of Bunbury, 1946.
- RB Clifton, Old Australind recalled, 1979.
- G & KJ Henderson, Unfinished voyages. 1979-88. 2 vols.
- FM Johnston, Knights and theodolites: a saga of surveyors, 1962.
- AC Staples, They made their destiny: history of the settlement of the Shire of Harvey, 1821-1929, 1979.
Absolon Crescent: WH Absolom, a tailor aged 20, arrived on the Parkfield at Australind in 1841.
Admiralty Court: Marshall Waller Clifton, Chief Commissioner of the Western Australian Company and Superintendent of the Australind settlement at its foundation in 1841, worked for the Admiralty as Secretary to the Victualling Board until 1832.
Albion Rise: Said to be named after a wreck on the Western Australian coast.
Alexandrina Place: Queen Victoria, who was christened Alexandrina Victoria after Alexander of Russia, her godfather, was Queen of Great Britain when Australind was founded.
Alpha Lane: A wooden schooner, the Alpha, was wrecked off the Western Australian coast in 1881.
Anna Road: Anna Stallard, wife of John Stallard, general labourer, arrived at Australind on the Parkfield in 1841. Her son, born on 28th May 1841, was the first white child born in Australind.
Austin Place: James Gardner Austin arrived on the Island Queen in December 1840 in charge of the surveyors for the new settlement of Australind.
Australind Road: Australind is a contraction of Australia and India, a word first used by the Western Australian Company in 1840, indicating their belief that the two countries would trade through the new port. They saw Australind as the potential maritime capital of Western Australia.
Avis Court: The Avis, an American whaling boat, was wrecked off the coast near Australind in 1842.
Aylesbury Place: Aylesbury Hill is marked on the original 1841 plan for Australind and was intended to be the site of a ‘female college’.
Balmoral Boulevard: Named after the castle in Scotland.
Barnes Avenue: WK Barnes was a member of the Harvey Road Board and Harvey Shire Council, 1960-1978.
Barnes Court: See Barnes Avenue.
Batavia Place: The Dutch merchant ship Batavia was wrecked in 1629 on a reef in the Abrolhos Islands.
Becher Place: FJ Becher was a member of the Harvey Road Board 1906-1917 and 1922-1936. He was Chairman from 1925-1930.
Bedingfield Way: Charles and Eldred Bedingfield [sic Bedingfeld] arrived in Australind on the Parkfield in 1841.
Belinda Place: The Belinda, a brigantine, was wrecked during a whaling voyage on 19 July 1824 near Middle Island (Recherche Archipelago).
Birch Way: Somers Ingle Birch farmed on land west of Yarloop and was a member of the Harvey Road Board, 1902-1906. His grandfather, Lewis Birch, arrived in Australind with his wife and family in 1841 on the Parkfield.
Blue Manna Place: The blue manna is an edible crab (Portunus pelagicus) found in the Leschenault Estuary.
Break O’Day Drive: Break O’Day was named after the Travers’ farm which was where the Australind Senior High School now stands. It is also the common name for the pied butcher bird (Cracticus nigrogularis) which sings at dawn.
Brooking Place: TH Brooking was a shareholder in the Western Australian Company in 1840.
Brotherton Way: Named after a supporter of the Western Australian Company’s plans for the settlement at Australind.
Bucton Place: Probably named after TH Buckton who was Secretary of the Western Australian Company in 1840.
Buffalo Road: Water buffalo were brought from India by Thomas Little and used at Belvidere in the 1840s.
Bungarra Street: A bungarra is a large lizard, sometimes called a sand goanna. It is the monitor lizard (Varanus gouldii).
Burton Close: AE Burton was a member of the Harvey Road Board, 1906-1910.
Caledonia Rise: George Clifton, ninth child and sixth son of Marshall Waller Clifton, served on board HMS Caledonia in 1842. He migrated to Australind in 1843 and managed ‘Alverstoke Farm’ for his family. Also said to be named after the 198 ton barque Caledonia which ran aground at Fremantle on 21 September 1889.
Cambrose Place: Named after a castle in the United Kingdom.
Carpenter Place: Dr Anthony French Carpenter was the medical officer who arrived on the Parkfield in 1841. He died at ‘Belvidere’ on the western shore of the Leschenault Estuary on 11 March 1842 and was the first person to be buried in the Australind Cemetery.
Casteau Close: WB Casteau was a member of the Harvey Road Board, 1919-1930.
Cathedral Avenue: The overhanging branches of the paper bark trees (Melaleuca rhaphiophylla) along this beautiful avenue give the impression of a leafy cathedral.
Cecil Street: Said to be named after an ex-serviceman but might be named after a member of the Clifton family.
Challenger Rise: HMS Challenger was the ship from which Captain CH Fremantle landed in May 1829 near the mouth of the Swan River and took possession of the whole of the west coast of Australia for Great Britain.
Chapple Drive: CE Chapple was a member of the Harvey Shire Council, 1962-1971.
Charman Place: GP Charman was a member of the Harvey Road Board, 1917-1923.
Christina Street: Christina Elinor Clifton was the daughter of RW Clifton. She was postmistress at Australind from February 1863 until November 1918 when she died aged 75.
Christison Way: R Christison was a member of the Harvey Road Board, 1904-1906.
Clifton Close: The Cliftons were an early pioneer family of the district, and many members of the family have been involved in local government in this area. Marshall Waller Clifton was Chief Commissioner of the Western Australian Company and Superintendent of the Australind settlement at its foundation in 1841.
Cockburn Street: Vice-Admiral Sir George Cockburn was an Admiralty Commissioner at the time of settlement at Australind.
Cook Place: E Cook was a member of the Harvey Road Board, 1909-1925.
Coral Drive: One of a group of streets named on a marine theme.
Crimp Crescent: Named after the developer of this area.
Crocker Place: Unknown
Darcy Court: Unknown
Dawe Street: Said to be named after an early settler of the area.
Delta Road: One of a group of streets named on a marine theme.
Ditchingham Place: An early farm on the east bank of the Brunswick River was named ‘Ditchingham’ by the Bedingfield [sic Bedingfeld] family after the village they came from in England.
Doherty Place: Named after Mrs Doherty who was the daughter of Mrs E Wright, a pioneer of the Australind area and a previous owner of the land on which this road is constructed.
Driver Street: Reynolds ‘Reg’ Driver was a member of Brunswick and Harvey Road Boards, 1906-1918 and Chairman 1908-1918. He was Mill Manager at Yarloop.
Duignan Place: LJ Duignan was a member of Harvey Road Board, 1946-1949.
Dunnart Place: A dunnart is a narrow-footed marsupial mouse of the genus Sminthopsis.
Eastwell Road: ‘Eastwell’ was a farm of 560 acres located south of the Australind townsite. It was first purchased by Samuel Moore in 1840, then in 1856 by MW Clifton. Eastwell is a village in England where his father, the Rev. Francis Clifton, was appointed to a living.
Eckersley Way: Walter Roland ‘Roy’ Eckersley was Secretary/Shire Clerk of Harvey Shire from 1925 to 1957.
Egret Court: An egret is a large graceful white bird that lives beside estuaries and is common in the district.
Elinor Bell Road: Elinor Bell, a Quaker, was the wife of Marshall Waller Clifton. They had fifteen children, of whom eleven travelled with them to the settlement of Australind on the Parkfield in 1841. This road was originally called Cemetery Road as it led to the Australind Cemetery.
Eliza Place: Eliza Lilly, with her husband George, a baker, arrived in Australind on the Parkfield in 1841. Said also to refer to Eliza Bagley who arrived in Australind in 1842 on the Diadem.
Elizabeth Street: Named after Mrs Elizabeth ‘Granny’ Hutchison, an early pioneer and local character, who had a cottage nearby.
Emelia Place: the 83 ton ketch Emelia & Ellen brought settlers to Western Australia in 1830.
Estuarine Court: One of a group of streets named on a marine theme.
Ewing Road: Unknown
Feast Place: Maria Laura Feast, a widow, arrived on the Parkfield in 1841 and married John C Morgan, a fellow passenger, on 29 August. This was the first marriage of settlers in Australind. Her son, Alfred Feast, aged 6, arrived at Australind on the Trusty in December 1842.
Fitzgerald Way: Captain Charles Fitzgerald was Governor of Western Australia from 1848 to 1855 during the introduction of convicts to the Colony.
Fortesque Place: Unknown
Francine Street: Unknown
Francis Street: The Rev. Francis Clifton was Marshall Waller Clifton’s father. Francis was a name commonly used by the Clifton family.
Ganfield Place: CG Ganfield was a member of the Harvey Road Board, 1952-1960.
Gannet Lane: The gannet is a very large seabird (Morus serrator) which commonly feeds in coastal waters.
Garfield Drive: Unknown
Gaudin Way: Surveyor Henry Gaudin arrived in Australind on the Island Queen in 1840. He died in 1843 and he is buried in the Australind Cemetery. His widow, Annette Gaudin, who arrived on the Parkfield in 1841, married William Pearce Clifton in 1844.
Ghainda Street: James Gaindeh [the spelling on the death certificate] was an Indian who worked in Australind for many years. He died in 1894 and is buried outside the fence of the Australind cemetery. As it was consecrated ground, his burial in the cemetery was not permitted.
Glider Court: Refers to one of the gliding possums that have a parachute-like membrane along the side of the body.
Goode Court: After retiring from the army, RL Goode farmed at ‘Olive Hill’ on the Beela Road, east of Brunswick. He served as Controller of the Voluntary Emergency Services and he was a member of the Harvey Shire Council, 1970-1973.
Greensill Crescent: Thomas Greensill was an architect and surveyor sent to the Australind settlement by the Western Australian Company on the Island Queen in 1840.
Green Court: John Green, shepherd, arrived in Australind on the Diadem in 1842. It is recorded that he won a ploughing contest in November 1848.
Grey Court: Said to be named after an early pioneer.
Grosmont Glade: Named after a castle in Great Britain.
Gulf Way: One of a group of streets named on a marine theme.
Halyard Parade: One of a number of streets named on a nautical theme.
Hamilton Court: Robert Gordon Hamilton, son of William Hamilton, Consul of Boulogne, France, arrived at Australind on the Parkfield in 1841. He was made Lieutenant of the Australind Guard, but he died in October 1843 and is buried at the Australind Cemetery.
Hanks Way: CJ Hanks was a member of the Harvey Road Board and the Harvey Shire Council, 1953-1962.
Harding Way: HC Harding was a member of the Harvey Shire Council, 1963-1969.
Harnett Place: PJ Harnett was a member of the Harvey Road Board, 1930-1944.
Hawkins Court: F Hawkins was a member of the Brunswick Road Board, 1895-1897. Also said to refer to Frederick Hawkins who was 7 years old when he arrived at Australind in 1841 on the Parkfield. He travelled with his aunt Julia Payne, her husband George and their son.
Hayward Place: Thomas Hayward, who settled in the area in the 1850s, was a farmer and storekeeper, a member of the Bunbury Town Trust 1875-1880, MLA for Bunbury 1901-1904 and for Wellington 1904-1911. His son Thomas, born at Wokalup in 1865, took over his father’s farm. Thomas, snr, was a member of the Brunswick Road Board in 1897 and the Harvey Road Board, 1907-1920.
Headland Place: One of a group of streets named on a marine theme.
Hewdon Road: Said to be named after the original landowner’s farm.
Hockins Place: Said to be named after John Hoskins, a tinman and blacksmith, who arrived at Australind on the Parkfield in 1841. [Hoskins Way now exists in a newer subdivision. Ed., 2016]
Hooper Place: Brothers, Robert and William Hooper arrived at Australind on the Parkfield in 1841. Robert later farmed at Australind.
Hosier Court: Samuel Hosier, gardener and labourer, arrived at Australind on the Parkfield in 1841.
Howson Drive: Fred Howson owned the land, farmed as ‘Ditchingham’, which was in this area.
Hudson Place: In 1831, William Hudson was granted 2,560 acres of land lying immediately north of the head of the Leschenault Estuary. He left the Colony soon after, and in 1841 the land was resumed. Part of it became the property known as ‘Parkfield’.
Hughlings Place: Said to be named after early pioneers of the area.
Humphrey Court: F Humphrey was one of the party of surveyors who arrived on the Island Queen in December 1840 to survey the town of Australind.
Irving Court: James Irving was a director and shareholder of the Western Australian Company in 1840.
Jerboa Place: A small carnivorous leaping marsupial of the genus Antechinomys.
Jib Rise: One of a group of streets named on a nautical theme.
Kau Close: The Kau family are long-time residents of Yarloop.
Kingfisher Terrace: The Sacred Kingfisher (Todiramphus sanctus) likes to live near the water.
Knapp Drive: FMV Knapp was a member of the Harvey Shire Council, 1973-1979.
Knight Place: William Knight was an early landowner in the area.
Lancier Court: The French barque Lancier was wrecked in 1839 in Gage Roads off Fremantle.
Latour Street: Peter Augustus Latour, Colonel of 11th Dragoons, owned the original land grant that was taken over by the Western Australian Company and became Australind. He never came to Australia.
Laura Avenue: Laura Clifton, Marshall Waller Clifton’s granddaughter, was postmistress at Australind from 1918 when she took over from her sister Christina. She retired shortly before her death in 1947 when she was 82 years of age.
Lea Court: Unknown
Leake Court: George Leake, merchant, financier and MLC, was an early landowner in the district though he never lived in Australind. He died in 1849.
Leedshill Way: Leeds Hill was marked on the original 1841 plan of Australind.
Leeward Road: One of a group of streets named on a nautical theme.
Leschenault Parade: Leschenault de la Tour, the naturalist on Baudin’s expedition of 1800-1804, collected botanical specimens in this area.
Lily Court: Said to be named after George Lilly [correct spelling] who arrived in Australind with his wife Eliza on the Parkfield in 1841.
Lisa Road: Unknown
Little Place: Thomas Little purchased land, which became known as ‘Belvidere’, in 1839 on behalf of Charles Robert Prinsep.
Locke Place: John Locke arrived at Australind on the Trusty with his wife Maria and three children in 1842.
Lofthouse Drive: BH Lofthouse was a member of the Harvey Shire Council, 1925-1927.
Longshore Place: One of a group of streets named on a marine theme.
Lowe Court: J Lowe was a member of the Harvey Road Board, 1924-1955, and Chairman from 1939-1949.
Lucien Place: Unknown
Lucy Victoria Avenue: Lucy Victoria was the sister of Victor Tomich, the developer of Clifton Park.
MacArthur Court: Major Macarthur [correct spelling] was a shareholder of the Western Australian Company in 1840.
McKenna Mews: Unknown
MacKenzie Place: Duncan S McKenzie and John P McKenzie were early settlers in Australind.
Magill Street: Unknown
Mainsail Way: One of a number of streets named on a nautical theme.
Mardo Avenue: A mardo is a yellow-footed marsupial mouse (Antechinus flavipes).
Marine Drive: One of a group of streets named on a nautical theme.
Marriott Place: Thomas Marriott, who arrived in Australind in 1842 on the Diadem, farmed in the district. His youngest son, David Walter, was a member of the Brunswick Road Board 1895-1907 and Harvey Road Board 1915-1919. Another son, William, was a member between 1906 and 1908.
Marshall Road: Named after Marshall Waller Clifton, Chief Commissioner of the Western Australian Company and Superintendent of the Australind settlement at its foundation in 1841.
Matilda Avenue: Matilda Witt, aged 10, arrived in Australind on the Diadem in 1842 with her parents and family.
Mawson Court: John Mawson, a farmer and agricultural labourer, arrived at Australind on the Parkfield in 1841.
Mayne Way: Said to be named after a local family.
Midwater Court: One of a group of streets named on a marine theme.
Miller Crescent: A Miller was a member of the Harvey Road Board, 1947-1955.
Milligan Avenue: Mary Milligan, born in Australind in 1862 or 1863, became Sister Mary Teresa of the Catholic Order of St Joseph of the Apparition.
Mizzen Place: One of a group of streets named on a nautical theme.
Monitor Way: The monitor lizard or goanna belongs to the family Varanidae.
Montefiore Street: Jacob Montefiore was a shareholder in the Western Australian Company, 1840.
Morgan Court: John C Morgan, carpenter and joiner, arrived in Australind on the Parkfield in 1841. He was indentured to MW Clifton and married Maria Laura Feast on 29 August 1841, the first wedding among the settlers.
Mulgara Street: Based on the Aboriginal words mulgar or mulgara for thunder.
Nairne Place: Chaplain Nairne was a director of the Western Australian Company in 1840.
Nicolay Close: Said to have been named after a passenger on either the Parkfield or the Diadem though this name does not appear in the passenger lists for either vessel.
Old Coast Road: The original route from Perth to Bunbury via Mandurah where a ferry took passengers across the mouth of the Peel Estuary. It was originally referred to as the Coast Road.
Paris Road: Dr Paris was a shareholder of the Western Australian Company in 1840.
Parkfield Way: The first settlers arrived at Australind on the 600 ton barque Parkfield on 18 March 1841. Captain James T Whiteside, who was accompanied by his wife, commanded it. There were 6 officers, a crew of 26 and 125 passengers.
Parmelia Drive: The Parmelia brought the first settlers to Fremantle on 1 June 1829. It ran aground on what is known now as Parmelia Reef while seeking shelter in Cockburn Sound. It was refloated with the assistance of HMS Challenger.
Pearce Road: Pearce, born in 1815, was the fourth child of MW and E Clifton, and arrived with his family at the settlement of Australind in 1841 on the Parkfield.
Pelican Place: Named after the pelican (Pelecanus conspicillatus) commonly seen in this area on the rivers and the estuary.
Pembroke Heights: Named after a castle in Great Britain.
Perrin Court: Arthur Brook Perren [correct spelling] was a farmer at Brunswick and a member of the Brunswick Road Board in 1895.
Piggott Road: Benjamin Piggott arrived at Australind on the Trusty in May 1844 with his wife, daughter and brother James. He farmed in the district.
Poller Way: VJ Poller was a member of the Harvey Shire Council, 1964-1970.
Pyrenee Place: The Pyrenees brought settlers and convicts to Western Australia in 1851 and 1853.
Quokka Court: The quokka (Setonix brachyurus) is a small wallaby. At the time of European settlement it was common in this area.
Randall Court: Lythgo Randall was a shareholder of the Western Australian Company in 1840.
Reef Place: One of a group of streets based on a marine theme.
Rill Court: Captain Sir John Rill, RN, was a shareholder of the Western Australian Company in 1840.
Roberts Road: William Jenkin Roberts arrived in Australind on the Diadem in 1842 and became a pioneer farmer in the district.
Rogers Street: LE Rogers was a member of the Harvey Shire Council from 1962 to 1964.
Rosamond Street: Said to be named after an early settler.
Rothesay Crescent: Rothesay Cottage, built early this century by one of the Clifton family, was located nearby.
Roy Court: Named after Roy Eckersley, who was Secretary/Shire Clerk, 1925-1957. His full name was Walter Roland Eckersley but he was usually known as Roy.
Seabreeze Close: One of a group of streets based on a marine theme.
Sellenger Way: Said to be named after an early settler.
Shenton Close: William Kernot Shenton selected land in the district in 1830. He was drowned in 1842 on a voyage from Fremantle to Bunbury when the schooner Devonshire was wrecked.
Shine Court: M Shine was a member of the Harvey Road Board, 1927-1955.
Shirreff Close: Captain Shirreff, RN, was a shareholder of the Western Australian Company in 1840.
Shoal Court: One of a group of streets based on a marine theme.
Silvergull Terrace: The silver gull (Larus novaehollandiae) is the most common of the Australian gulls.
Sophia Place: Sophia Clifton, daughter of RW Clifton, taught at the Australind school from 1865 to 1878 excluding 1874.
Spinnaker Road: One of a group of streets based on a nautical theme.
St Andrews Hill: This name appeared on the 1841 map of Australind.
Stallard Court: John Stallard, general labourer, arrived in Australind with his wife, Anna, on the Parkfield in 1841. Their son John, born on 28 May 1841, was the first white child born at Australind.
Stanton Way: Joseph Stanton and his three daughters arrived at Australind on the Diadem in 1842.
Strattimore Place: Said to be named after an early settler.
Sutton Court: Henry Sutton arrived in Western Australia in 1862 to farm family estates at Mandurah. His son William John, who farmed near Harvey, was a member of the Brunswick Road Board, 1895-1897, and the Harvey Road Board, 1910-1913.
Sweny Drive: M Halpern Sweny, a London shipowner, was a director of the Western Australian Company in 1841.
Talia Court: Said to be an Aboriginal word meaning ‘near water’.
Tamar Court: The tamar or tammar is a small scrub wallaby (Macrocopus eugenii) of the south west.
Teal Pass: The teal is a medium-sized duck common on the waters in this area.
Thames Court: A schooner called Thames was wrecked on 21 May 1830 near Fremantle.
Thomas Court: Thomas Thomas [correct name] was a settler who was buried at the Australind cemetery in March 1873.
Tidemark Rise: One of the streets in this area based on a marine theme.
Trafalgar Rise: Said to be named after an early pioneer, but most probably after the Battle of Trafalgar.
Traquair Place: Unknown
Travers Drive: Francis Travers arrived in Western Australia in 1856 and worked as shoemaker at Australind from 1877 to 1899.
Treen Court: Thomas Treen arrived at Australind in December 1840 on the Island Queen to assist in surveying the new town.
Tributary Place: One of a group of streets based on a marine theme.
Trusty Street: The Trusty brought 166 settlers to Australind in December 1842, and 23 on her next voyage in 1844.
Upton Place: ‘Upton House’, which is still occupied by members of the Clifton family, was built in 1844 by Pearce Clifton for his aunt, Mrs Elizabeth Fry, who never came to Australind. Mrs Fry’s home in London was in Upton Lane, next to Upton Park.
Usher Place: William Usher, a shoemaker, arrived in Australind on the Parkfield in 1841.
Valentine Way: Valentine Smith arrived in Australind on the Parkfield in 1841. His father was a director of the Western Australian Company.
Wakefield Crescent: The Australind settlement was based on the ideas of Edward Gibbon Wakefield, who was also a director of the Western Australian Company in 1840.
Wallaroo Way: The wallaroo is a stocky coarse-haired kangaroo (Macropus robustus).
Watermass Place: One of the streets based on a marine theme. A watermass is a body of ocean water with a distinctive narrow range of temperature and salinity and a particular density resulting from these two properties.
Wells Court: Richard George Wells, who arrived at the Swan River Colony in 1829, was an agent for Colonel Latour who was the first owner of the land grant on which the settlement of Australind was based.
Whatman Way: Said to be named after a local councillor.
Whiteley Place: John Whiteley arrived at Australind on the Parkfield in 1841 with his wife and sister.
Wickham Way: Charles Alwyn Wickham farmed at ‘Wanston Farm’, Yarloop. He was a member of the Harvey Road Board and the Harvey Shire Council from 1945 to 1962.
Wildflower Way: Street in the Wildflower Woods estate.
Williams Way: William Dacres Williams and his wife Isabella, arrive at Australind on the Parkfield in 1841. He was described as a schoolteacher, but there was little work for him there at that time. He built and ran ‘The Prince of Wales Hotel’, now ‘Henton Cottage’, which he sold and moved to Perth in 1843.
Windward Way: One of a group of streets based on a nautical theme.
Reproduced with the kind permission of Cecily Brown.
Please contact the group for corrections or additional information about any of these entries. Eds.